Haplogroup Map Europe

Note how J2 originated in the middle east and then spread along the seacoast. As a matter of fact Haplogroups when closely observed, are really divisions between peoples, families, clans etc. Introduction. 700 BCE, published by Kiesslich et al. 2004), before the LGM. I modified the map to emphasize the distribution of my haplogroup (G-M201). Haplogroup I-M223 had. A haplotype is a subset of a haplogroup and helps to further drill down the nation and region of a person’s origin. Only men will be found with the haplogroup E1B1A but if a woman's father has this haplogroup, then she is an Israelite as well. The Romans surely helped spread haplogroup J2 within their borders, judging from the distribution of J2 within Europe (frequency over 5%), which bears an uncanny resemblance to the borders of the Roman Empire. Interactive charts and maps from the World Atlas of Ancestral Genealogy and Modern Genography, weaving DNA haplogroup data with socioeconomic and environmental indicators to cast a new light on these subjects: definitely not your grandfather's genetic genealogy. Also, R1a and R1b are absent from central and western Europe before the early bronze age, they mark the expansion of Indo-European speakers from what is now Ukraine. My father & I recently participated in a a free 23andme dna test for people with African Ancestry. Combined Slavic Y-DNA haplogroups. The branch of R with the additional marker M173 is termed the R1 Haplogroup. = subclade of Rib. Within ancient haplogroup H6, dated at around 15–28 kya, there is a subhaplogroup H6c, which probably survived the last glaciation in Europe and has undergone expansion only 3–4 kya, together with the ancestors of some. Previous studies suggested a Paleolithic origin; however, two recent studies agree that this haplogroup has a more recent origin in Europe—yet they disagree on the timing of its spread. Haplogroup I (M170) is a Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup. Men with Gaelic surnames coming from the west of Ireland are descendants of the oldest inhabitants of Europe. More males in this part of Austria possess either R1a or R1b. This map of Europe and Asia Minor shows the probable area of the beginning time of Haplogroup G in green. This is where understanding a little bit about haplogroups is helpful in placing you and your ancestry in the broader context of human history. mtDNA Haplogroups H and HV are Eurasian Haplogroups. Yeah bro, Bantus acquired haplogroup E from the Hamitic males it originated with. Haplogroup G2 is defined by a mutation at P287. On the slide above, the Loschbour sample from Luxembourg was mapped onto a current haplogroup I SNP map where his closest match is a current day Russian. This goes a ways to confirm that Upper Paleolithic Europe was a heterogeneous mix of several DNA haplogroups whose ancestors migrated from Africa. " The mtDNA test tracks the mitochondrial markers in a woman's DNA. Like its brother haplogroup, I1, I2 expanded northward at the end of the Ice Age about 12,000 to 14,000 years ago. Haplogroup CF divided, Haplogroup DE divided. The latest nomenclature and SNPs related to the group can be found on Isogg, as well as on the Y-Haplogroup L Project at FTDNA. Eb1b1 clusters are seen today in Western Europe, Southeast Europe, the Near East, Northeast Africa and Northwest Africa. The majority of western European males belonged to Y-haplogroup I and northeast Europeans to haplogroup R1a. Geneticists use global haplogroup distributions to trace significant events in human prehistory, such as the migration of people to the Americas or the expansion of agriculture from the Middle East. R1b1a2 (R-M269) is the dominant branch of R1b in Western Europe. I modified the map to emphasize the distribution of my haplogroup (G-M201). Sep 1, 2017- Genetic Genealogy. The presence of haplogroup U5 in Europe pre-dates the expansion of agriculture in Europe. Haplogroup W is still commonly found in its place of origin, although it is also found in low levels across Eurasia. Haplogroup R1b and its subgroups are predominantly found in western Europe and the British Isles. Y-DNA Haplogroups in Turkic People Author: Ilhan Cengiz, 2015. Map by by Roy King and Peter A. The Romans surely helped spread haplogroup J2 within their borders, judging from the distribution of J2 within Europe (frequency over 5%), which bears an uncanny resemblance to the borders of the. Mitochondrial haplogroup H is a very common and diverse mitochondrial lineage among populations in Europe, the Near East and the Caucasus region. Note how J2 originated in the middle east and then spread along the seacoast. Gypsy population? European Gypsies in Europe main source of this Haplogroup in Western Europe. M458 haplogroup is characteristic for western and central Slavs – from the Elbe to the Dnieper. Haplogroup G2 is defined by a mutation at P287. I5876, Y-DNA R1a, mtDNA U5a2a, Ukraine Mesolithic 7040-6703 calBCE, from Dereivka. All these surnames originate from the same two immigrants: Johann Engel Bücher and Johann Heinrich (Henry) Búcher who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on the ship Neptune on 23 September 1751. More males in this part of Austria possess either R1a or R1b. The original haplogroup J originated in the Near East approximately 50,000 years ago. Y-DNA Haplogroup L has as South Asia origin and is common among populations of Central Asia, Southwest Asia, and Southern Europe along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea. It is the most common haplogroup in Europe and a subgroup. Haplogroup R1a is also, implicitly, the. Introduction. The diversity and antiquity of Haplogroup R1a1 in India suggests its origins lie in South Asia. Haplogroup H has an estimated age of about 25,000 to 30,000 years. MtDNA Haplogroups - MtDNA Haplogroup H is one of the most dominant groups in Europe. e-v13 haplogroup January 19, 2014 · Thrace was an ancient Balkan land of southeastern Europe encompassing parts of modern-day Bulgaria, northern Greece, and European Turkey. Men with Gaelic surnames coming from the west of Ireland are descendants of the oldest inhabitants of Europe. Haplogroup A was first found among aboriginal American populations and has played an important role in allowing geneticists to use DNA mutations as an evolutionary clock to date prehistoric migrations. Haplogroup C (M130) is one of two branches of Haplogroup CF alongside Haplogroup F. Haplogroup J (Y-DNA) J is a Middle Eastern haplogroup, divided into the northern J2 and the southern J1. It has been found in one Aurignacian sample, prior to the Last Glacial Maximum. Things aren’t always what they seem on the surface. This is a fast-evolving field, with potentially game-changing. The Romans surely helped spread haplogroup J2 within their borders, judging from the distribution of J2 within Europe (frequency over 5%), which bears an uncanny resemblance to the borders of the Roman Empire. The map below shows Y Chromosome distribution in Europe 2000 years ago. Origin and History of Haplogroup I-M253 Haplogroup I1* together with its relative sub-clades I2a* and I2b* is the native European haplogroup, its frequencies outside Europe are extremely small. Most members of the L haplogroup belong to the first group, L1, itself divided into L1a (mostly India and Pakistan), and L1b (Middle Eastern, Central Asia, Europe). The large Jewish-Israeli sample in this study was collected as part of a greater study on health-related phenotypes; it contained 526 individuals with grandparents from a broad geographic range: Northern and Southern Europe, Russia, North Africa, Ethiopia, the Middle East, Central Asia, and India. The table below shows the human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroups, based on relevant studies, for various ethnic and other notable groups from. But his Y DNA Haplogroup E-L241 certainly is. Haplogroup H is the most common and most diverse maternal lineage in Europe, in most of the Near East and in the Caucasus region. I want to draw a geographic map with pie charts placed as markers for illustrating some statistics. Haplogroup R1b (Y-DNA) is the dominant paternal lineage of Western Europe, so of course the Albino people want to stake out that particular Haplogroup as the "WHITE" haplogroup. Haplogroup J1, M267 was most frequent overall, representing 40% of the Y Chromosome samples. Paternal Haplogroup Maps. y-Haplogroups I1 and R1b in European Countries, plus Ancient Migrations within Europe Abstract A concise summary of some of the ancient migrations of the people within Europe is given for general interest, and also to put into historical context TMRCA's and the various "Frequency by Region" plots. Y-DNA Haplogroup L has as South Asia origin and is common among populations of Central Asia, Southwest Asia, and Southern Europe along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea. Each haplogroup describes individual branches - or closely related groups of branches - on the genetic family tree of all humans. The other primary branch of I* is I-M438, also known as I2. com, shows the genetic makeup of European countries based on Haplogroups. This is the most common Y-DNA haplogroup in western Europe. ) H is associated with northern Europe and is the most common haplogroup in Europe. Haplogroups are used to represent the major branch points on the mitochondrial phylogenetic tree. Haplogroup E-M96 is a human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup. Can now handle coding-region-only sequences correctly. Dan Vergano has the story at USA Today in Study: Native Americans. For people who have tested and are assigned the maternal haplogroup W or who are believed to have had that maternal haplogroup based on descendants tested. Origins, age, spread and ethnic association of European haplogroups and subclades - with map Dennis Garvey's YDNA Haplogroup R1a1 Webpage. Again, my dad’s mtDNA Haplogroup isn’t a surprise. YSEQ customers are encouraged to join Group 223: haplogroup-r. The age of U5 is estimated at 50,000 but could be as old as 60,500 years. Overview of Haplogroups RF Tree Genealogy. I is the only major Y-haplogroup to have originated in Europe, and very little can be found outside Europe. Y-DNA haplogroups in populations of Europe explained. Douglas McDonald's maps of "Y Haplogroups of the World" devised some maps. It is everywhere found as minority clade, with the. This map was computed by adding paternal lineages associated with the diffusion Slavic peoples from the Iron Age onwards. A high degree of internal diversity characterizes this haplogroup, as well as the presence of a set. Haplogroup W is still commonly found in its place of origin, although it is also found in low levels across Eurasia. A phylogenetic tree showing the internal structure of this haplogroup was published in 2008. Your haplogroup's point of origin is usually shown on maps at the various DNA companies that do testing. Haplogroup E is found in Africa, Asia and Europe and it is divided into three clades: E1 and E2 are found exclusively in Africa, while E3 is observed in Africa, Europe and western Asia. Paternal Haplogroups. Haplogroup J (M304). Haplogroup R1b and its subgroups are predominantly found in western Europe and the British Isles. Haplogroup R-M269, also known as R1b1a1a2, is a sub-clade of human Y-chromosome haplogroup R1b. In human genetics, Haplogroup I-M253 is a Y chromosome haplogroup which occurs at greatest frequency in Fenno-Scandia. For people who have tested and are assigned the maternal haplogroup W or who are believed to have had that maternal haplogroup based on descendants tested. mtDNA T2b Ancestral Journey. On the slide above, the Loschbour sample from Luxembourg was mapped onto a current haplogroup I SNP map where his closest match is a current day Russian. From these regions, R1a could have migrated to southward first, through Central Asia and then Iran before settling in Eastern Europe. Haplogroup R1b (Y-DNA) From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia In human genetics, Haplogroup R1b is the most frequently occurring Y-chromosome haplogroup in Western Europe, parts of central. In human genetics, the haplogroups most commonly studied are Y-chromosome (Y-DNA) haplogroups and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroups, both of which can be used to define genetic populations. We share all earlier ancestors as described in my post at maternal-ancestors-ice-age-europe-and-britain. 3) If PH1612 were not Magyars, then haplogroup N is so far absent in the Magyars (because there are no other YFull samples in N marked HUN). Several hypotheses have been proposed on the origin and the expansion times of some R0 sub-lineages, which were partially inconsistent with each other. Haplogroup E is found in Africa, Asia and Europe and it is divided into three clades: E1 and E2 are found exclusively in Africa, while E3 is observed in Africa, Europe and western Asia. This haplogroup is found in Africa, the Middle East, and Europe. 15 (2011-03-07) - Fixed incorrect scoring with reversions where data has no-call or untested marker. A Yamnaya skull from the Samara region coloured with red ochre The birth of modern Eurasia began years ago Haplogroup J Distribution map of haplogroup in the Old World Haplogroup. Haplogroup I1a is the next most frequently found. This blog is dedicated to those who carry the J2 "Y" DNA Haplogroup, with a focus on J2a4h2, also known as J-L25, with further changes to F3133, and FGC9962. Haplogroups work a lot like surnames. Haplogroup-r. Check Also other Haplotype B Maps: Haplogroup B2a MAP. Molecular dating implies formation of H5 approximately 11. Haplogroup JT is thought to have originated in Mesopotamia and/or the Fertile Crescent approximately 10,000-12,000 years ago. The recent discovery of fair-haired mummies in the Takla Makan desert of western. mtDNA W is a rare haplogroup in Europe. If you are male, the Paternal Haplogroup report provides information about your Y-chromosome haplogroup, which we also call a "paternal haplogroup" because it is passed down from fathers to their sons through the generations. I did a DNA test to learn about my origins, but the results are highly technical. e-v13 haplogroup January 19, 2014 · Thrace was an ancient Balkan land of southeastern Europe encompassing parts of modern-day Bulgaria, northern Greece, and European Turkey. It is defined by the presence of SNP marker M269. At right is a map showing the distribution of Y-DNA in modern England and Wales. It is defined by the presence of SNP marker M269. Haplogroup J (Y-DNA) J is a Middle Eastern haplogroup, divided into the northern J2 and the southern J1. Haplogroup J derives from the haplogroup JT, which also gave rise to Haplogroup T. The R1b tribe originally migrated to Europe from West Asia from 4,000 BCE and the Indo-Europeans have shared ancestry that can be traced back to North India, which is why the Spaniards and some Europeans without Scandinavian admixture are physically similar to Asians. Haplogroup C-M130 - Mongolia, Siberia, North America, Oceania. Geneticists use global haplogroup distributions to trace significant events in human prehistory, such as the migration of people to the Americas or the expansion of agriculture from the Middle East. The recent discovery of fair-haired mummies in the Takla Makan desert of western. The mutations identified with Haplogroup I-M253 (Y-DNA) are M253, M307, P30, and P40. My mtDna is L3i2, I was able to find info about my mtDna. This certainly fanned the Solutrean flame. To resolve the phylogeny of this haplogroup, we completely sequenced 113 mitochondrial genomes (79 U5a and 34 U5b) of central and eastern Europeans (Czechs, Slovaks, Poles. Haplogroup G2 is defined by a mutation at P287. Main Haplogroup I2 is most abundant in eastern Europe and on the Mediterranean island of Sardinia, where it is found in 40% of the male population. Hello, does anyone else here belong to haplogroup I've known my affiliation for over three years. The subgroup of the Vlax Rom are probably derived from an ancestor no more than 400-500 years ago in Europe. Haplogroup J arose from a mutation which occurred about 31,700 years ago in Southwest Asia. mtDNA C1 haplogroup and Neanderthals I n today's post we will let the Y chromosome take a rest for a while because we will be looking into the female contribution to our ancestry, our mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), and in particular, the interesting distribution of the C1 haplogroup in America and Eurasia. The oldest forms of R1b (M343, P25, L389) are found dispersed at very low frequencies from Western Europe to India, a vast. The mutation of Haplogroup I occurred some 25,000 years after the formation of haplogroup IJ. It is generally accepted that the most ancient European mitochondrial haplogroup, U5, has evolved essentially in Europe. It seems to have originated in Anatolia (modern Turkey), but the date is uncertain. Most likely arising in the Near East, and spreading into Europe in a very early expansion, the presence of haplogroup U5 in Europe pre-dates the expansion of agriculture in Europe. The haplogroup E originally traced to East Africa inhabitants before spreading to the Northern Africa and introduced later to other parts of West Africa populations and eventually to some parts of the Middle East between 16, 400 and 39, 000 years before present. y-Haplogroups I1 and R1b in European Countries, plus Ancient Migrations within Europe Abstract A concise summary of some of the ancient migrations of the people within Europe is given for general interest, and also to put into historical context TMRCA's and the various "Frequency by Region" plots. The Genographic Project was launched in 2005 as a research project in collaboration with scientists and universities around the world with a goal of revealing patterns of human migration. haplogroup I, Ia Population percentages of Y-haplogroup I [my mother's father's paternal line]. The following articles are lists of human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroups found in populations around the world. A high degree of internal diversity characterizes this haplogroup, as well as the presence of a set. Y-DNA haplogroups in populations of Europe are haplogroups of the male Y-chromosome found in European populations. Haplogroup J* — the root lineage of haplogroup J — is found distributed throughout Europe, but at a relatively low frequency. The second most common haplogroup in all northern Asian populations is haplogroup D, which is also very common in eastern, central Asia and America. For the specific date of the map, look at the URL of the full-sized map. Haplogroup I represents the largest and oldest haplogroup throughout Europe with few exceptions. However, some people with MAP may develop colorectal cancer in the absence of colon or rectal polyps. Yet it states "10,000 years ago" on it's migration map label. Other minor male lineages such as R1b, G, J, T and E would also have been present in Europe, having migrated from the Asian Steppe, the Middle East and North Africa. R1b1a2 (R-M269) is the dominant branch of R1b in Western Europe. In eastern Europe, it is frequently associated with Slavic populations. The reason is. Haplogroup J* — the root lineage of haplogroup J — is found distributed throughout Europe, but at a relatively low frequency. The oldest forms of R1b (M343, P25, L389) are found dispersed at very low frequencies from Western Europe to India, a vast. I quote: "The most ancient mtDNA lineages in Europe belong to haplogroup U5 and U8, which appear to have originated within Europe from the root of haplogroup U (Figure 1). The Romans surely helped spread haplogroup J2 within their borders, judging from the distribution of J2 within Europe (frequency over 5%), which bears an uncanny resemblance to the borders of the. The following National Geographic map gives a visual representation of Y-DNA haplogroups and possible migration routes. This is based on a map by JD McDonald from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. The original haplogroup J originated in the Near East approximately 50,000 years ago. It is defined by the presence of SNP marker M269. Haplogroup JT is thought to have originated in Mesopotamia and/or the Fertile Crescent approximately 10,000-12,000 years ago. - Y-DNA Haplogroup I is also a branch of the mega-Haplogroup F and originated around 25,000 years ago in Eastern Africa and Southern Europe. It is the most common haplogroup in Europe and a subgroup. To know what ancient ethnic group is associated with each haplogroup, please check European Haplogroups : origins, geographic spread and relation to ethnic groups. Haplogroup G2. Haplogroup I is the oldest major haplogroup in Europe, originating around 25,000 years ago. It is believed to have first appeared in the Horn of Africa or southern Africa approximately 26,000 years ago and dispersed to the Middle East during the Upper Paleolithic and Mesolithic periods. Distribution maps of Y-chromosomal haplogroups in Europe, the Middle East and North Africa - Eupedia History and description of Haplogroup (Y-chromosomal DNA) and its subclades. Gbor Balogh, 2011. The lineage is likely to have evolved around 25,000 years ago in West Asia, before being transported into Europe. Previous studies suggested a Paleolithic origin; however, two recent studies agree that this haplogroup has a more recent origin in Europe—yet they disagree on the timing of its spread. This lineage is currently found in central and western Asia, India, and in Slavic populations of Eastern Europe. This article aims at reconstructing the history of R1b ancient migrations between 16,000 and 1500 years before present (ybp). Haplogroup X is the smallest of the known Native base haplogroups. On mtDNA grounds, it is known that after the Out of Africa migration around 59-69 kya, the U branch of macro-haplogroup N spread radially from somewhere in western Asia around 39-52 kya. History and description of Haplogroup (Y-chromosomal DNA) and its subclades. Haplogroup I is a key marker of Paleolithic man in Europe , ie. Haplogroup A was first found among aboriginal American populations and has played an important role in allowing geneticists to use DNA mutations as an evolutionary clock to date prehistoric migrations. Here is a list of towns and cities in Europe that were founded at least 3000 years ago (prior to 1000 BC), and the probable corresponding main haplogroup(s) of the people who founded the city: The oldest towns outside the Aegean follow the Neolithic expansion of haplogroup E-V13 and J2 from Thessaly along the Danube basin (see map below). ? Now, the next bit will probably be easier to follow if you have a good look at the YCC paper Y haplogroup tree Haplogroup K is an old haplogroup which is not monophyletic. Sunday, December 29, 2013. Haplogroup G2 is defined by a mutation at P287. We share all earlier ancestors as described in my post at maternal-ancestors-ice-age-europe-and-britain. Haplogroup R1a, or haplogroup R-M420, is a human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup which is distributed in a large region in Eurasia, extending from Scandinavia and Central Europe to southern Siberia and South Asia. About 1/2 of European women are of this group. The map below shows the spread of J2. Haplogroup is the dominant paternal lineage in Western Europe. Naturally, This would mean that the entirety of Haplogroup E is semitic, right? Wrong. haplogroup I, Ia Population percentages of Y-haplogroup I [my mother's father's paternal line]. Haplogroup R1a is also, implicitly, the. It is believed to have first appeared in the Horn of Africa or southern Africa approximately 26,000 years ago and dispersed to the Middle East during the Upper Paleolithic and Mesolithic periods. McDonald from the University of Illinois at Urbana - Champaign. 5%) have a higher share of a specific haplogroup in the population for R1b. If you are male, the Paternal Haplogroup report provides information about your Y-chromosome haplogroup, which we also call a "paternal haplogroup" because it is passed down from fathers to their sons through the generations. Interestingly, individuals with haplogroup U5 may have been come in contact with Neandertals living in Europe at the time. Haplogroup I is interesting for another reason. Haplogroup J2 originates in the northern part of Southwestern Asia (the Near East) while G is very common among peoples of the Caucasus and probably also originated in the Near East close to Georgia. Individual large subclades are in Russia. In Europe it has two of the five founder haplogroups of the early Bronze. The lineage is likely to have evolved around 25,000 years ago in West Asia, before being transported into Europe. Haplogroup J2 was the second most frequent haplogroup found in the Study sample, representing 15. Haplogroup R1b is common among populations of Western Europe with specific distribution in Ireland, Western Wales, Scottish Highlands, Atlantic fringes of France, North Sea coast of Europe, Catalonia and Basque country. This Excel spreadsheet file is lookup table to find SNPs and what branches and major haplogroups they mark. History and description of Haplogroup (Y-chromosomal DNA) and its subclades. Paternal Haplogroup Maps. The Paternal Haplogroup report displays a series of maps showing the migration of humans with a certain haplogroup. Haplogroup BT lineages represent the majority of African Y-chromosome lineages and virtually all non-African lineages. It represents the Greco-Anatolian, Italic, Celtic and Germanic branches of the Indo-European speakers. Knight at Tufts University as part of David R. It is possibly one of the original mitochondrial haplogroups in Europe, pre-dating the spread of agriculture around 10,000 years ago. It is still uncertain where y-haplogroups E and DE (ancestor of E) originated and there's no agreement or certainty whether they originated in Eurasia or Africa (though the most recent study—see first link below—suggests an African origin for them. In human genetics, Y Haplogroup E-M215, also referred to in the literature by other names such as E1b1b and E3b (see further discussion below), is a major Y-chromosome haplogroup. The Haplogroup website is dedicated to helping people learn about personal genealogy, minority population heritage, personal genomics, and DNA project administration best practices. Distribution of mtDNA haplogroup K in Europe, North Africa and the Middle East 1/4 Origins & History Haplogroup K originated in West Asia as a subclade of haplogroup U8 sometime between 18,000 and 38,000 years ago. I have not double checked my mtdna results, but by looking at yours, I believe that our mtdna matches with 0 differences :) It's quite possible, actually it's quite likely, that we share a. There was a first man to be I-M223. While several SNPs were recently discovered that extended the length of the branch leading to haplogroup T, only two SNPs are known to mark internal branches of haplogroup T. The latest nomenclature and SNPs related to the group can be found on Isogg, as well as on the Y-Haplogroup L Project at FTDNA. In human genetics, a human mitochondrial DNA haplogroup is a haplogroup defined by differences in human mitochondrial DNA. My father & I recently participated in a a free 23andme dna test for people with African Ancestry. The maps on this page represents the distribution of Human Y-chromosomal DNA (Y-DNA) haplogroups. Haplogroup R1a is also, implicitly, the. This haplogroup is found in Africa, the Middle East, and Europe. E1b1b1 probably evolved either in Northeast Africa or the Near East and then expanded to the west--both north and south of the Mediterranean Sea. In his popular book The Seven Daughters of Eve, Bryan Sykes named the originator of this mtDNA haplogroup Helena. com, shows the genetic makeup of European countries based on Haplogroups. By comparing this map to European genetic maps they have shown that the Irish are one of the last remnants of the pre-Neolithic hunters and gatherers who were living throughout Europe over 10,000 years ago, before the invention of agriculture. Its frequency is highest in Western Europe, especially in Atlantic Europe (and due to European emigration, in North America, South America, and Australia). Dominant Y-DNA haplogroups in Europe and Middle East May 18, 2017 July 23, 2019 Alex 0 Comments DNA , Europe , Middle East , North Africa Haplo types a group of genes in an organism that is inherited together from a single parent. The map above shows what the borders of Europe, the Middle East and North Africa might look like if they were based on the dominant Y-DNA haplogroup rather than ethnicity and/or any other political considerations. The branch of R with the additional marker M173 is termed the R1 Haplogroup. = subclade of Rib. This article aims at reconstructing the history of R1b ancient migrations between 16,000 and 1500 years before present (ybp). I don't know if this type of visual representation is even possible: there are peoples like native Americans, or Bantu farmers where a single haplogroup dominates decisively, but most human groups show a mix of a variety of lineages at different frequencies. Palaeo-Arctic, Palaeo-Siberian. Haplogroup I1 (Y-DNA) is the original paternal lineage of Nordic Europe. Gold Haplotypes file - An Excel based spreadsheet with every haplotype/kit in the project that have opted in to sharing and has either SNP tested to a major haplogroup level or has Y111 STRs. The language of the Romani was seemingly developed in Europe after they left India. org The warehouse is a Private FTP server available to citizen scientists interested in promoting knowledge of the human Y-DNA tree. H6 however, is less certain. Haplogroup V is a European haplogroup that arose in Iberia (Spain) towards the end of the Ice Age, and spread east and north during the repopulation of Europe. K's structure is interwoven with other haplogroups downstream (refer to the main tree at Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree). Paternal Haplogroup Maps. Other locations on the map (below) not noted as X2b4 (above) are X2b, the parent haplogroup of X2b4. The R1b tribe originally migrated to Europe from West Asia from 4,000 BCE and the Indo-Europeans have shared ancestry that can be traced back to North India, which is why the Spaniards and some Europeans without Scandinavian admixture are physically similar to Asians. mtDNA T2b Ancestral Journey. The number of Nordic and Dinaric haplogroups are rather insignificant among the Polish people. 8825-8561 calBCE, from Vasilievka. ? Now, the next bit will probably be easier to follow if you have a good look at the YCC paper Y haplogroup tree Haplogroup K is an old haplogroup which is not monophyletic. Haplogroup J (Y-DNA) "J is a Middle Eastern haplogroup, divided into the northern J2 and the southern J1. In Europe, only Wales (74%), Spain (60%) and France (58. My father & I recently participated in a a free 23andme dna test for people with African Ancestry. Things aren’t always what they seem on the surface. These people were also believed to be the first speakers of the Indo-European language group. Distribution of mtDNA haplogroup J in Europe, North Africa and the Middle East 1/5 Origins & History The mutation defining haplogroup J is thought to have taken place some 45,000 years ago, probably in West Asia. The map [below] shows what the borders of Europe, the Middle East and North Africa might look like if they were based on the dominant Y-DNA haplogroup rather than ethnicity and/or any other. Haplogroup I (M170) is a Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup. EASTERN EUROPE: The first migration of haplogroup J1 to East Europe might be related to the prehistorical periods such as Neolithic age between 9000-7000 BC. Haplogroup R1b is common among populations of Western Europe with specific distribution in Ireland, Western Wales, Scottish Highlands, Atlantic fringes of France, North Sea coast of Europe, Catalonia and Basque country. To see a better map the highest concentrations of E-V13 in Europe can be found in Kosovo with about 45 %. Haplogroup J derives from the haplogroup JT, which also gave rise to Haplogroup T. They mirror the mtDNA expansion signals elsewhere in the world in the early Holocene, such as in Europe (Atkinson et al. Y-DNA haplogroups in populations of Europe are haplogroups of the male Y-chromosome found in European populations. It is also referred to as "Helena. In human genetics, a human mitochondrial DNA haplogroup is a haplogroup defined by differences in human mitochondrial DNA. About the Maternal Haplogroup. Not surprisingly, today the number of descendants of the man who gave rise to marker M173 remains very high in Western Europe. Walt's HHMI Professor's Award. Haplogroup I-M223 had. The presence of haplogroup U5 in Europe pre-dates the expansion of agriculture in Europe. On the slide above, the Loschbour sample from Luxembourg was mapped onto a current haplogroup I SNP map where his closest match is a current day Russian. It is also found in the Indus Valley and the Arabian Peninsula and may be tied to the Neolithic expansion of farmers. Eastern Europeans and British Asians from India and Pakistan share the same haplogroup called R1a-M17. R1b1a2 (R-M269) is the dominant branch of R1b in Western Europe. Maps of Haplogroups in Europe. Sep 1, 2017- Genetic Genealogy. this haplogroup is found in continents ancient populations except in Africa and is the predominant Y-DNA haplogroup among males, indigenous to Central Asia/Siberia, North America, and Oceania. The Paternal Haplogroup report displays a series of maps showing the migration of humans with a certain haplogroup. The Haplogroup Origins page shows me the distribution of my haplogroup, by region, by match type. Timing of Colonization Establishing when central Asian and Native American haplogroup lineages last shared a common ancestor has proven to be a sticky subject for molecular geneticists. These maps reflect human migration over tens of thousands of years, a period in which humans migrated from eastern Africa to inhabit every continent on Earth except Antarctica. The origin of haplogroup H1 continues to be a debate as well. Aryans were a group of whites who belonged mostly to the R1a haplogroup and arrived to Europe about 7000 years ago when Europe was already populated by the R1b (Atlantic) men, arrived about 35. History of R1b from the Ice Age origins until the beginning of the Hallstatt period (1200 BCE) N. Distribution maps of Y-chromosomal haplogroups in Europe, the Middle East and North Africa - Eupedia History and description of Haplogroup (Y-chromosomal DNA) and its subclades. Walt's HHMI Professor's Award. In eastern Europe, it is frequently associated with Slavic populations. Haplogroup BT lineages represent the majority of African Y-chromosome lineages and virtually all non-African lineages. mtDNA C1 haplogroup and Neanderthals I n today's post we will let the Y chromosome take a rest for a while because we will be looking into the female contribution to our ancestry, our mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), and in particular, the interesting distribution of the C1 haplogroup in America and Eurasia. Lots of others could have potentially been added -- ancestral clades, closely related sister clades, and ones where the coverages is insufficient to determine whether it is indeed M26 (or L672 L160 etc. Haplogroup X is the smallest of the known Native base haplogroups. The new Bronze Age culture flourished around the Alps (Unetice to early Hallstatt) thanks to the abundance of metal in the region, and laid the foundation for the classical Celtic culture. E-V13 (E1b1b1a1b1a) Balkan/Swiss/UK. Eastern Europeans and British Asians from India and Pakistan share the same haplogroup called R1a-M17. (Image courtesy The Genographic Project) Previous Genographic Project studies have also shown strong correlations between language and frequency of a certain haplogroup. Haplogroups are used to represent the major branch points on the mitochondrial phylogenetic tree. I evolved further in Europe and J followed later, with its own subset of mutations. Your haplogroup will appear in the area your clan was located when it split off from the original African family to which we all belong. The original Semitic people are estimated to be: 10% in Western Europe, in the Iberian Peninsula, Central Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa and Horn of Africa. The woman who founded haplogroup H lived approximately 20,000 years ago in the Near East/Caucasus region and is the common ancestor of all people living today who belong to this haplogroup. The oldest forms of R1b (M343, P25, L389) are found dispersed at very low frequencies from Western Europe to India, a vast. mtDNA Haplogroups H and HV are Eurasian Haplogroups. Haplogroup J (Y-DNA) J is a Middle Eastern haplogroup, divided into the northern J2 and the southern J1. According to NG, Haplogroup T first appeared about 10,000 years ago in the Fertile Crescent, and then moved northwest in to Europe and east as far as modern Pakistan and India. Haplogroup R1b frequency in Europe is clinal with increasing frequencies observed in Northwest Europe, a pattern that has been ascribed to the persistance of Palaeolithic Y chromosomes in Europe. Originally found widespread among ancient Neolithic groups expanding into Europe and the Middle East, it is today particularly prevalent in the Caucasus. Douglas McDonald's maps of "Y Haplogroups of the World" devised some maps. It is found primarily in Europe but only at very low frequencies. About NevGen predictor, and brief description how it works (in english) Autosomal PCA charts of Europe, Near East and Mediterranean. The maps on this page represents the distribution of Human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroups. The following figures are examples of I want to achieve. Today, about 40% of all mitochondrial lineages in Europe are classified as haplogroup H. Haplogroup G2. Note how J2 originated in the middle east and then spread along the seacoast. Also, let's discuss this haplogroup. MtDNA Haplogroups - MtDNA Haplogroup H is one of the most dominant groups in Europe.